THE PINNACOLO: WHAT IS HIDDEN BEHIND ONE OF THE MOST SYMBOLIC ELEMENTS OF A TRULLO?

19 July 2019

Cucurneo.

Tintinule.

Key of the trullo.

Or simply pinnacolo.

Every trullo, whatever its size, always ends with a pinnacle or a cuspidate element that closes the cone.

The cone is generally composed of four parts:

1) the last rows of whitewashed chiancarelle;

2) the cannarile, with a cylindrical or truncated cone shape;

3) the carrozzella or scodella on which the fourth element rests;

4) the cocla, carved from a single piece of stone.

As for the symbols drawn on the cones, the pinnacle is for many an element not only decorative but also and above all religious/pagan. A link between heaven and earth, between sacred and profane, the pinnacle would suggest a reproduction of the cosmic forces that interact with the earth.

Other theses, instead, sustain that the pinnacle represents the stylistic code, a sort of sculptural signature, of the master trullaro; finally, the most, connect it to a distinctive element of the families that belonged to the same stock and that used the same distinctive symbol on their houses.

The most known pinnacle has a spherical or disc shape, but there are also pinnacles with more complex shapes, such as a polyhedron with a cross or star or cone.

Whatever the shape or size, the pinnacles present on all Trulli represent, despite the passage of centuries, a boast of beauty and uniqueness.


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